James Samuel Coleman was an American sociologist, theorist and empirical researcher based chiefly at the University of Chicago. He was elected president of the American Sociological Association. He studied the sociology of education and public policy and was one of the earliest users of the term “social capital”.
His Foundations of Social Theory influenced sociological theory. His “The Adolescent Society” (1961) and “Coleman Report”(Equality of Educational Opportunity, 1966) were two of the most cited books in educational sociology.
The landmark Coleman Report helped transform educational theory, reshape national education policies and it influenced public and scholarly opinion regarding the role of schooling in determining equality and productivity in the United States.