Marcus Aurelius was a Roman Emperor from 161 to 180 and is also considered one of the greatest and most important Stoic philosophers. Marcus was the last of the Five Good Emperors. During his reign, the Empire defeated the Parthian Empire in the East. He ruled with Lucius Verus as co-emperor from 161 until Verus’ death in 169.
Marcus Aurelius’ Stoic tome Meditations, written in Greek while on campaign between 170 and 180, is still revered as a literary monument to a philosophy of service and duty. The meditations describe how to find and preserve equanimity in the midst of conflict by following nature as a source of guidance and inspiration.