Bainbridge Colby was an American lawyer, a political progressive, a co-founder of the United States Progressive Party and Woodrow Wilson’s last Secretary of State.
Colby was a Republican until he helped co-found the National Progressive Party in 1912; he ran for multiple offices as a member of that party, but always lost.
Wilson’s appointment of Colby was “bizarre” says historian John Milton Cooper, for Colby had no diplomatic experience or skills. Editorial responses from leading newspapers ranged “from puzzlement to outrage”. Colby was chosen because he was totally loyal to Wilson; he left no notable achievements in the office.