James Randolph was a United States Representative from New Jersey. He was also the father of Theodore Fitz Randolph. Born in Middle sex County, New Jersey, he received a limited schooling.
Randolph learned the printing trade and edited the New Brunswick Fredonian 1812-1842. He served as the United States collector of internal revenue 1815-1846 and clerk of the Court of Common Pleas. He was a member of the New Jersey General Assembly in 1823 and 1824.