Charles Evans Hughes was an American statesman, Republican politician from New York, and the 11th Chief Justice of the United States. He was also the 36th Governor of New York, the Republican presidential nominee in the 1916 presidential election, and the 44th United States Secretary of State.
Born to Welsh immigrants in New York, Hughes became a prominent attorney and academic. After taking part in the Armstrong Investigation, he won election as the Governor of New York, serving in that position from 1907–1910.
He became known as a progressive reformer and an admirer of Britain’s New Liberalism, enacting legislation such as the More land Act. In 1910, President William Howard Taft appointed Hughes as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.