Bernard Law Montgomery nicknamed “Monty” and “The Spartan General”, was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.
He saw action in the First World War as a junior officer of the Royal Warwickshire Regiment. At Meteren, near the Belgian border at Bailleul, he was shot through the right lung by a sniper, during the First Battle of Ypres.
He returned to the Western Front as a general staff officer and took part in the Battle of Arras in April/May 1917. He also took part in the Battle of Passchendaele in late 1917 before finishing the war as chief of staff of the 47th (2nd London) Division.